Mozilla Firefox Tracking Protection

While “Do Not Track” (DNT) was an HTTP Header used to “request” that the browser sent to a server, it was not guaranteed to be honored. New versions of Firefox support “Tracking Protection” that automatically block many common tracking mechanisms.

  • Type “about:config” in the URL line.
  • Toggle “privacy.trackingprotection.enabled” from false to true.
  • Done!

REFERENCES:

Selenium Firefox modifyheaders

A few of my tests require access to modify the HTTP Request headers. Unfortunately, Selenium hides access to them to allow for portability, and to better emulate what “users” generally can change. To work around this a Firefox extension can be used and configured at runtime for this purpose.

NOTE: for Maven, you need to place a copy of the .xpi file referenced into the /src/test/resources folder for Selenium to locate it.

In the example below, I’m setting the HTTP Header for “DNT” to “1”.

public FirefoxDriver createFirefoxDriver() throws URISyntaxException, IOException {
// Specify the install location (if not default)
System.setProperty("webdriver.firefox.bin","C:\\path\\to\\Firefox.exe");
// Prevent Console log "noise" from the Selenium Firefox plugin
System.setProperty("org.apache.commons.logging.Log", "org.apache.commons.logging.impl.SimpleLog");
System.setProperty("org.apache.commons.logging.simplelog.log.httpclient.wire", "OFF");
System.setProperty("org.apache.commons.logging.simplelog.log.org.apache.commons.httpclient", "OFF");

final FirefoxProfile profile = new FirefoxProfile();
final URL url = this.getClass().getResource("/modify_headers-0.7.1.1-fx.xpi");
final File modifyHeaders = modifyHeaders = new File(url.toURI());

profile.setEnableNativeEvents(false);
profile.addExtension(modifyHeaders);

profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.headers.count", 1);
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.headers.action0", "Add");
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.headers.name0", "DNT");
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.headers.value0", "1");
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.headers.enabled0", true);
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.config.active", true);
profile.setPreference("modifyheaders.config.alwaysOn", true);

final DesiredCapabilities capabilities = new DesiredCapabilities();
capabilities.setBrowserName("firefox");
capabilities.setPlatform(org.openqa.selenium.Platform.ANY);
capabilities.setCapability(FirefoxDriver.PROFILE, profile);
return new FirefoxDriver(capabilities);
}

Do Not Track (DNT) HTTP Header

Over the past year there have been many capabilities added to web browsers to allow users to indicate their willingness to be tracked across various sites for web advertisements. While the implementation by individual hosts is optional, the user can sent the request to identify their personal preference. Tracking can be relevant to allow for more “targeted” ads tailored to each user.

Firefox 4.0 betas added an "X-Do-Not-Track:1" HTTP Header. Later implemented Firefox 5.0 betas as "DNT:1". Safari and MSIE9 have also added support. Recently Firefox 9.0 exposed this attribute to JavaScript as navigator.doNotTrack, with a value of “yes” when set.

REFERENCES: