Enable larger file uploads via Tomcat manager

Shortly after I automated code deployments in my Tomcat7 development testing environment, I found that some larger builds began failing with the following error:

org.apache.tomcat.util.http.fileupload.FileUploadBase$SizeLimitExceededException: the request was rejected because its size (...) exceeds the configured maximum (62428800)

After a little digging, I found that the WAR files were exceeding the default maximum upload size, thankfully, this is trivial to increase.

sudo vi /usr/share/tomcat7-admin/manager/WEB-INF/web.xml

(Change 52428800 to a larger number, perhaps doubled like 104857600)

<!-- 50MB max = 52428800 (100MB = 104857600) -->


Automatically update Java on Ubuntu Linux

With the rate of updates and security patches for Java, administration of your Ubuntu machines can become tedious. There’s a better way… allow it to check for and update with your other software. The steps are easy…

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

NOTE: You can also install java8 in the same manner with:
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

NOTE: The Java Control Panel can sometimes be hard to locate, it will be at the following:


Sample Tomcat7 setup

There are a few steps that I generally take to setup a new Tomcat server instance, this enables the following:

  • The manager console
  • HTTP compression
  • UTF-8 encoding


  1. tomcat-users.xml – add to bottom:

    <role rolename="manager-gui"/>
    <user username="tomcat" password="s3cr3t" roles="manager-gui"/>

  2. server.xml – add compression and URIEncoding, change port if desired:

    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
    redirectPort="8443" compression="on" URIEncoding="UTF-8" />

  3. server.xml – relocate webapps by adding ../ to appBase

    <Host name="localhost" appBase="../webapps"
    unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">

  4. Restart your server, on Ubuntu use:

    sudo service tomcat7 restart