Remove language packs from Windows 7

I often have to install different languages/locales on Windows 7 to perform testing in different languages, unfortuately adding all of them into a single installation can take a lot of space, particularly when using a virtual machine.

Using the usual method to ‘remove installed software’ will remove updates, but leaves the languages in place, to completely remove them you must open a command prompt and execute the following:


Select the languages you wish to remove, and click continue… it will take a while, but the languages will be removed one at a time.


nbsp; and other common entities do not validate as HTML5!

The only built-in entities in XML are &, <, >, " and ' XHTML added the others via a DTD that is not a part of HTML5. As such, validators will report them as errors.

Safe replacements are the decimal notation: &#160; or the character itself U+00A0;

Quite a few other common symbols are not available without similar changes.

  • &lt; = &#60;
  • &gt; = &#62;
  • &amp; = &#38;
  • &apos; = &#39;
  • &quot; = &#34;
  • &nbsp;&#160;
  • &copy; = &#169;
  • &reg; = &#174;
  • &trade; = &#8482;



I’ve done a lot of Internationalization(I18N) and Localization (L10N) work in my various development positions. One particularly troubling area is currency support. Support of number formats is generally well supported (or can be accomplished with some trivial input translation). However, the tricky area come with support for currency symbols, western currencies such as USD (US$) and CAD(C$) and the Euro (EUR or €) are well supported across character sets and fonts some are not. One particular item is for the Indian Rupee (INR). Ubuntu 10.10 is the first operating system to ship with a font that supports this character ₹

Unicode = &#x20b9;

Internationalizing JSP with ResourceBundles

Adding multi-language support to JSP based applications is very simple. In this post we will investigate the method that you can use to externalize your text based content.

NOTE: Additional work is required to establish the Locale, format Dates and Numbers or to support other differences such as text-direction.


<%@ taglib prefix="fmt" uri="" %>
<fmt:setLocale value="en_US" />
<fmt:setBundle basename="ResourceBundles.TestBundle" scope="request" var="rb" />
<fmt:message bundle="${rb}" key="label.test" />







You can also specify some default Locale information in web.xml if you do not wish to use the in your JSPs.




Some explanation… in this case we’ve told our JSP that the resources are in the TestBundle properties. As the Locale is set to ‘en_US’ it will first look in the file, if not found it will then look in and finally in If not found there, the output will generally be in the form ‘???key???‘, in this example: ‘???label.test???‘, my understanding is that this can be suppressed by setting ‘allowNull=true‘ somewhere, but I have never found that setting to date.


Eclipse ResourceBundle Editor

I typically use the open-source Eclipse IDE for most of my Java and PHP work. For my corporate work, this means that I use IBM‘s packaged RAD and WSAD offerings that are based on various versions of the Eclipse framework.

When working on Internationalized (I18n) applications, most experienced Java architects rely on ResourceBundles to store the various text that is needed for different languages, problem is that editing these files becomes problematic, especially when dealing with multi-byte character sets as are often used in Unicode (non Latin-1, aka ISO-8859-1) languages.

The best editor I’ve found for this case is, as you may have guessed, free for download.

Here’s the links: